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Bok v. McCaughn

July 21, 1930

BOK ET AL.
v.
MCCAUGHN, COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE



Appeal from the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania; William H. Kirkpatrick, Judge.

Author: Buffington

Before BUFFINGTON and DAVIS, Circuit Judges, and JOHNSON, District Judge.

BUFFINGTON, Circuit Judge.

On July 1, 1921, Edward Bok, by indenture signed by himself as founder, by certain others as trustees and by the Girard Trust Company, as depository, transferred securities owned by himself aggregating $210,000, and increased by subsequent amounts. The instrument provided as follows:

"Whereas the Founder believes that service to others tends to make lives happy and communities prosperous and that the ideal of service as a test of good citizenship should be kept constantly before the minds of the people of Philadelphia in general and of the young in particular; and further believes that this may by some measure be accomplished through the making, under proper conditions of an annual award in recognition of some service rendered by a Philadelphian which shall have redounded to the good of the City."

It gave the fund absolutely and in perpetuity on certain trusts, which, as far as here pertinent, were:

"I. After the ending of each calendar year they shall determine what resident of Philadelphia or its suburbs or vicinity has during said year done an act or rendered a service of such advantage to the City or to its inhabitants as to be eminently worthy of public recognition and reward.

"II. When the Trustees shall have determined the person who has thus deserved best of the City they shall announce that such person has been selected to receive the Philadelphia Award for the preceding year and shall proceed with appropriate dignity and ceremony, in the American Academy of Music or in some other suitable place, to confer the Award upon the person so selected.

"III. The ceremony of conferring the Philadelphia Award shall include the making of the payment of $10,000 to the person selected to receive it and the delivery of a suitable certificate or other permanent record or symbol of distinction.

"IV. The nature of the act or service for which the Award may be made is not to be determined by a strict interpretation of the language of this instrument. The language is to be regarded by the Trustees rather as indicating the spirit in which the Award is to be made than as imposing limitations upon their discretion in making it.

"V. In case the Trustees shall determine that in the preceding year no act or service worthy of the Award has been done, or rendered, they shall have the right to apply the said $10,000 of the net income of the trust fund for that year to or toward free scholarships for boys and girls resident in Philadelphia, its suburbs or vicinity; such scholarships to be divided at the discretion of the Trustees among the following institutions

"University of Pennsylvania,

"The Pennsylvania Museum and School of ...


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