Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

CRICHTON v. WINGFIELD.

decided: February 27, 1922.

CRICHTON
v.
WINGFIELD.



APPEAL FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK.

Author: Day

[ 258 U.S. Page 69]

 MR. JUSTICE DAY delivered the opinion of the court.

Appellant, a citizen of the State of New York and a resident of the southern district thereof, brought this suit

[ 258 U.S. Page 70]

     in the District Court of the United States against the appellee, a citizen of the State of Mississippi, residing in the City of Clarksdale, County of Coahoma in that State. Appellant is the daughter of Ephraim H. and Eva W. Lombard, appellee is a sister of Ephraim H. Lombard. From the bill it appears that a controversy arose concerning the ownership of certain notes, fourteen in number, executed by W.D. Corley at Clarksdale, Mississippi, on January 1, 1917, and made payable to Eva W. and E. H. Lombard or bearer at the Bank of Clarksdale, Clarksdale, Mississippi. Seven of the notes were for $31,480 each, and seven were interest notes given for sums aggregating $39,664.80. The bill alleges that these notes were held in the State of New York within the jurisdiction of the District Court. From the bill it appears that appellant claims to own the notes by bequests under the wills of Eva W. and E.H. Lombard, respectively.

The complaint sets forth that E.H. Lombard when in feeble health executed a certain paper assigning one-half of all the principal notes, numbered from four to nine inclusive, and one-half of the interest notes, numbered from four to nine inclusive, to the appellee. The notes are alleged to be deferred payments on the sale of a plantation in the State of Mississippi. It is set out that at the time of the alleged assignment to appellee E.H. Lombard was of unsound mind, memory and understanding and incapable of executing the assignment; that the same was obtained by the appellee by undue influence exercised upon appellant's father, and that it was without consideration. The assignment is alleged to constitute a cloud upon appellant's title to the notes in controversy. The notes are secured by deeds of trust upon real estate conveyed in Mississippi, which are duly recorded in the record of mortgages and trust deeds in that State.

The appellee could not be served with process in the Southern District of New York, and an order was made

[ 258 U.S. Page 71]

     under § 57 of the Judicial Code for service. Service was made upon the appellee at Clarksdale, Mississippi. She thereupon made special appearance for the purpose of a motion to quash the service upon the ground that she is a resident, citizen and inhabitant of the State of Mississippi and had not been within the New York District; and she moved for a dismissal of the bill. Upon hearing the District Court sustained the motion, set aside the service, and dismissed the bill.

The question here only concerns the jurisdiction of the District Court. There is much controversy in the record, embodied in affidavits, as to the manner in which possession of the notes was obtained by the appellant, and the assignment made to the appellee. So far as we deem them necessary to be considered, the facts are: The notes are secured by deeds of trust on lands in Mississippi. It appears without contradiction that Eva W. Lombard, the mother, died May 25, 1919. Upon petition of appellant the will was admitted to probate and she was appointed and qualified as executrix in the Chancery Court of Mississippi.The decree in the Chancery Court finds that the last will and testament was fully and legally established as the last will of Eva W. Lombard, who at the time of her death was a resident of Coahoma County, Mississippi; that the lands devised by the will are situated in Bronxville, New York, and that the personal property bequeathed by the will is all located in the second district of Coahoma County, Mississippi, the place of residence of the deceased at the time of her death. It was before the qualification of appellant as executrix under her mother's will that she took the notes to New York.

After the death of her father, which occurred in New York after the death of the mother, appellant filed a petition in the Chancery Court of Mississippi, and a decree was entered upon her petition, establishing the last will and testament of her father. In that decree there are

[ 258 U.S. Page 72]

     findings like those establishing the will of her mother, namely, that her father was at the time of his death a resident of Coahoma County, Mississippi; that the personal property bequeathed and devised by the will is located in the second district of Coahoma County, Mississippi, the place of residence of decedent at the time of his death. The decree established the last ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.