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LARKIN v. UPTON.

decided: March 14, 1892.

LARKIN
v.
UPTON.



ERROR TO THE SUPREME COURT OF THE TERRITORY OF MONTANA.

Author: Brewer

[ 144 U.S. Page 20]

 MR. JUSTICE BREWER delivered the opinion of the court.

The first judgment was reversed by the Supreme Court of the Territory, on the ground that there had been no discovery of a vein or lode within the Comanche territory at the time of the location of that claim. Immediately north of the Comanche was the Shannon claim, which at the time of the commencement of this suit had been surveyed and patented; and it appears from the opinion of the Supreme Court, that at the first trial the testimony showed that the discovery shaft of the Comanche was wholly within the limits and boundaries of the Shannon claim. The contest at the second trial was as to the position of that discovery shaft and of the apex of

[ 144 U.S. Page 21]

     the vein disclosed by it. Unquestionably if not on the boundary line between the Comanche and Shannon claims, the shaft was very close to it. The testimony of the defendants tended to show that it was wholly on the Shannon claim; that of the plaintiffs, that it was partly on both claims, extending some 19 inches in width into the Comanche claim, and that the apex of the vein was within the limits of these 19 inches.

The jury returned a general verdict for the plaintiffs, and also made certain findings of fact at the instance of the respective parties. It is doubtless true that where special findings are irreconcilable with a general verdict, the former control the latter; and upon this rule plaintiffs in error rely for a reversal. It is also true that if the findings are fairly susceptible of two constructions, one upholding and the other overthrowing the general verdict, the former will be accepted as the true construction, because it will not be presumed that the jury had different intentions in the findings and in the verdict. St. Louis & San Francisco Railway Co. v. Ritz, 33 Kansas, 404. So that if the meaning of these findings be doubtful, we should adopt that which conforms to and upholds the verdict.

It is unquestioned law that the top or apex of a vein must be within the boundaries of the claim in order to enable the locator to perfect his location and obtain title. Turning to the findings, these three are all that are pertinent to this question -- two in response to interrogatories submitted by the plaintiffs, and the other to one submitted by the defendants:

"1st. Did the locators of the Comanche lode claim, prior to the location of said claim, discover in the shaft claimed by them as discovery shaft a vein or crevice of quartz or ore, with at least one well-defined wall on a lode or vein of rock in place bearing gold, silver or other valuable mineral deposits?

"Answer. Yes.

"2d. If your answer to the foregoing interrogatory be 'yes,' then answer: Was any part of such vein or lode discovered by the locators of said Comanche claim at the point of discovery, south of the south boundary line of the Shannon lode claim as patented and within the limits of the said Comanche lode claim as located?

[ 144 U.S. Page 22]

     "Answer. Yes."

"1st. If the jury find that the locators of the Comanche lode claim discovered a vein in the hole or shaft claimed as the Comanche discovery, then the jury will answer: Was the top or apex of such vein ...


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